Thursday, January 8, 2009

Running JBoss as a Windows Service

What you need to know to run a JBoss server instance as a Windows Service.

Until recently it was done by using JavaService.exe or tanuki wrapper. Both involved quite a bit of configurations compared to what's available directly from JBoss.

Please note that this features is available in JBoss 5 by default. No need to download the files from jboss-native.

This solution will work with JBoss 4 too. I have tested it on JBoss 4.0.3, JBoss 4.2.3 and JBoss 5.0.0.

Some information is available at

You will find links for different windows versions, select the appropriate one.

The downloaded file will be in .zip format, unzip it somewhere.

Copy jbosssvc.exe, service.bat and README-service.txt to your JBOSS_HOME/bin folder.

The file README-service.txt contains instructions on configurations changes.

Unfortunately the above file doesn't explain the part about service name related configuration

By default the service.bat contains settings entered for JBoss 5.

set SVCDISP=JBoss Application Server 5.0
set SVCDESC=JBoss Application Server 5.0.0 GA/Platform: Windows x86

You may want to change it you describe your environment. If you are running multiple JBoss instances in machine, make sure you are using different values for SVNNAME in each instance.

Let's say you are using it with JBoss 4.0.3:

set SVCDISP=JBoss Application Server 4.0.3
set SVCDESC=JBoss Application Server 4.0.3 GA/Platform: Windows x86

Next part to look at is where run.bat and shutdown.bat is referred. You may want to modify there if you want to pass arguments these batch files.


jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Starting %SVCDISP%" > run.log
call run.bat -c all -b < .r.lock >> run.log 2>&1
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutdown %SVCDISP% service" >> run.log

run.log file is where console output is written to. 

jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutting down %SVCDISP%" > shutdown.log
call shutdown -S --server=myserver:2099 < .s.lock >> shutdown.log 2>&1
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutdown %SVCDISP% service" >> shutdown.log

shutdown.log contains console outputs after service is stopped

To create/register the JBoss service with the windows service manager (This needs to be done only once)

JBOSS_HOME/bin> service.bat install.

Now the service will be available in the windows services manager. It can be modified and operated just like any other service.

If you ever want to remove the JBoss service from Windows, use the following command:

JBOSS_HOME/bin> service.bat uninstall.

That's all....

BTW, why JBoss is run as a Windows Service?
  • Automatically starts the process on system startup, and closes it on shutdown (when automatic) 
  • It launches the application as Windows service at system boot, before user logon and runs it without the need of a user session. 
  • Standard windows service monitoring mechanism can be utilized to check the application availability 
  • The application can be started using 'service account' without having to login as that user.


AK said...

Just wanted to know if you any idea on how to make this run.log file a role over append log file.


Vijesh Aaniyamveetil said...

As run.log file is created to redirect the output to console, there is no direct support from JBoss for file rotation. You have to run some cron job to do this.

But ideally your run.log file shouldn't contain JBoss server logging output in it. The server log output will gets written in the server.log (or whatever the name u've given) file of JBoss, right?

Just comment appender-ref ref="CONSOLE" in the log4j file. So run.log file will not contain same output as in server.log file hence will be smaller in size and the file rotation/roll over is not necessary

Unknown said...

is there a way to run multiple instances of jboss service ??/

consider i have two configurations under the server folder..can i start two services each pointing to the configuration using -c command ???

or do i need to have two separate jboss server ??

Vijesh Aaniyamveetil said...

Yes, you can.
create a separate service.bat file for each jboss instance and add the -c switch next to the call run ...

call run.bat -c node1 -b < .r.lock >> run.log 2>&1


you can pass the configuration name as a switch to service.bat and use the variable against the -c switch

call run.bat -c $1 -b < .r.lock >> run.log 2>&1

pramod said...

For running multiple instance I tried to create another copy of service.bat and entered the parameters in the call routine and successfully installed the service. But when I try to ctart the service I get a WIndows Service error --> "Some services stop automatically if they have no work to do, for example the Performance Log"
I tried to create another .log and .lock files and it did not help. Advise please...

pramod said...

To add to my earlier blog --> Althoug the service does not start when I try service2.bat start the server starts successfully(using run2.lo and .r2.lock). Any idea why it fails from Windows service?

pramod said...

I was using the wrong bat file. My problem.

Vijesh Aaniyamveetil said...

Glad to know that you were able to make it work

Unknown said...


I have an issue, where in i am able to run the JBoss as windows service in XP.
I am using two approach :
1) Approach 1: Using JBoss native connector:
Issue with this service: Not able to start the service. Getting an error message “service started and stopped”. Tried setting with account also but it didn’t work.
2) Approach 2: Adding a batch script in registry of windows service to start JBoss:
Issue with this service: we are able to start and stop this service but when we logoff Jboss running as service gets stopped.

Appriciate your valuable inputs.

Unknown said...

I have the similar problem as promod said when I am trying to run two instances. I have created a copy of service.bat and renamed it as service2.bat.

Done the below changes to service2.bat
1. Updated the bat file name as serrvice2.bat in :cmdInstall section
2. Changed the changed the run.log to run2.log in all the places.
3.Changed shutdown.log to shutdown2.log.
4. Updated :cmdStart section as below:
call run.bat -c instance2 -b hostname < .r.lock >> run2.log 2>&1

Did I miss anything here?

When I tried to start service2 i am getting the WIndows Service error --> "Some services stop automatically if they have no work to do, for example the Performance Log"

Any advice please...


Unknown said...

Problem got fixed. Changed r.lock to r2.lock and s.lock to s2.loack in all the palces of service2.bat. Now two jobss services are running without any problem.


Vijesh Aaniyamveetil said...

I was about to look into this. You beat me :)

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napponappi said...

I have the same problem as ajay.
after an access using the /console parameter via rdp, when we log off from the system the service is stopped.
any ideas?

Unknown said...

Hi, I am using JBoss 5.1 as windows service. I am installing it by using IZ pack. After installation, service get started with service type as manual. I want to make it as AUTOMATIC. So after machine restart I should able to see service has been started, no need to go in services.msc and start the service each time. Please let me know how to do this?

jhonny said...

Hi Nish,

I also tried to find how to make JBOSS service as automatic.
There is an alternative approach,any how you are using IZpack.better create an batch file and and make jboss service as automatic.This how i made JBOSS service as automatic.

Ravi S

Mayura Wijeyaratne said...


is there a way to specify the "log on as" user and the password from the service.bat file itself? so that when installing the service you won't have to manually change from "local system account"?

David Miller said...

Nice one,
I never found in the JBOSS documents that you should copy the files(jbosssvc.exe and service.bat) to the bin directory.

You helped me a lot with this.


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I am trying to install jboss 4.2.3, and I followed the instructions.

I have stopped jboss.

I got this error: "faild installing JBASXXX", this mean errolevel 2.

Any ideas?

Thanks in advance.

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